Going through cancer is often described as an emotional roller coaster, with many ups and downs. As a caregiver, you may see your loved one go through a wide range of emotions. While this can be difficult for both of you, your willingness to listen and offer support will make a difference.

It is hard to watch someone you care about go through so many difficult emotions. There are things you can do, however, to help both of you cope:

Listen to your loved one. It is important to listen without judging or “cheerleading.” We are often tempted to say “you will be fine” when we hear scary or sad thoughts. But simply listening to those feelings can be one of the most important contributions you make.

Do what works. Think about how you’ve helped each other feel better during a difficult time in the past. Was a fun outing a helpful distraction? Or do the two of you prefer quiet times and conversation? Do whatever works for you both, and don’t be afraid to try something new.

Get information about support groups. Joining a support group gives your loved one a chance to talk with others coping with cancer and learn what they do to manage difficult emotions. Sometimes, support groups are led by social workers or counselors. Ask a hospital social worker for a referral, or contact CancerCare. We offer face-to-face, telephone, and online support groups for people with cancer.

Support your loved one’s treatment decisions. While you may be in a position to share decision making, ultimately it is the other person’s body and spirit that bear the impact of the cancer.

If it’s needed, continue your support when treatment is over. This can be an emotional time for many people. Despite being relieved that the cancer is in remission (stopped growing or disappeared), a person may feel scared that it will return. The end of treatment also means fewer meetings with the health care team, on which the person may have relied for support.

Recommend an oncology social worker or counselor specially trained to offer advice. If you think your loved one may need additional support coping with his or her emotions during this time, suggest speaking with a professional such as an oncology social worker.

Coping With Difficult Feelings

People with cancer often feel emotions such as:

Sadness. Sadness can come and go during treatment. For some people, it can be more constant or last longer.

Anger. For example, people can be angry about the way treatment and side effects make them feel or about the changes their diagnosis has made in their lives.

Worry. Cancer can be one of the most stressful events a person experiences. Common worries include fear of treatment not working, of cancer returning or spreading, and of possibly losing control over one’s life and future. Other worries that existed before the cancer diagnosis, such as work or financial concerns, can add to the stress.

Long-Distance Caregiving

Being a “long-distance” caregiver is a unique experience that can be especially challenging. Working to find balance between your own needs and the needs of a loved one with cancer can feel overwhelming for anyone in the caregiver role. Here are ways you can be supportive and involved in your loved one’s care regardless of the distance between you.

Calling. Talking on the phone is a great way to connect with loved ones.

E-mailing or texting. E-mail messages and text messages provide fast and easy communication.

Recording special occasions. Consider recording friends, family, and special events as a way to bring the celebration to your loved ones. Many cell phones have a built-in camera that allows you to film any event and then send it to friends and family.

“Skyping.” Skype is a technology that allows people to see and talk to each other online in real time, like a video telephone. Each person needs a web camera that is connected to the internet through his or her computer or smartphone. Download Skype software from www.skype.com. The software is free, as is the cost of the call, as long as both of you are using Skype.