New medications are improving bone health for people with cancer.

Cancer can affect the bones in several different ways. Some cancers, such as osteogenic sarcoma, start in bones. Other cancers, such as breast, prostate, lung and kidney cancer, can metastasize, or spread, to the bones. Cancer that starts in or spreads to the bones can lead to bone pain and can increase your risk for complications, including weakening of the bone, fractures (breaks) and high calcium levels in the blood, which can further damage bones.

Some cancer treatments may also affect your bones. For example, certain treatments used for breast and prostate cancer may lead to a thinning of the bones known as osteoporosis, which also increases your risk of fractures. In this e-booklet, we’ll talk about how bone pain and complications are diagnosed and treated, medications that doctors can use to help improve bone health and practical tips for taking care of your bones.